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                   How Does It Work? 

                                     The RV Manual Guide                  

Electrical Systems

Most motor homes have 2 batteries; one standard vehicle battery and one deep drain battery.  The vehicle battery is used for normal engine operations while the deep drain battery is used to power the various electrical devices within the motor home, such as interior lights, the water pump, refrigerator, etc. The vehicles engine while driving charges this battery.

To use systems that require greater power, such as air conditioners or microwave ovens, an external power source is needed, such as an electric hook-up or generator. 

In North America electricity is supplied in 110V/120V. 

In Europe, Australia and Africa electric service is supplied in 220V/240V.


Water Systems

The water system in an average motor home includes 3 water tanks; one tank for fresh water suitable for drinking, also known as white water; and two tanks for waste water:

one tank for waste water from the sink and shower, also known as "gray water" ; and one tank for toilet waste, known as "black water". While the vehicle is hooked-up to a fresh water source the water hook-up itself is used to pressurize the water system. 

While 'dry camping' with no fresh water hook-up, a 12V water pump is used to pressurize the water system allowing the water to freely flow from an open faucet.  When the water tank is empty and while driving it is important to make sure the water pump is turned off as use during these times can damage the pump as well as all water systems.


Gas Systems

Heaters, stoves and refrigerators usually operate on propane gas.  Propane gas is compressed and stored in metal containers know as balloons. Motor homes carry one or more balloons depending on the size.  The amount of gas used is dependent on the use of the appliances that use gas.  Motor home kitchens usually include a gas stove with one or more burners. Refrigerators operate on gas while "dry camping".

Propane gas is highly flammable therefore the balloons should never be exposed to an open flame.  All pilot lights and open flames should be extinguished while refilling propane tanks. 

When renting a motor home the first gas bottle is usually included and must be refilled or replaced with a full balloon upon return. The refilling is in gas stations or sometimes in the campground itself.


Heating Systems

Motor homes can be heated using one of three systems; the vehicles heating system located in the driving cabin, via gas furnace or via the air conditioning unit. 

All systems use fans to circulate the air. 

Water is heated by gas wile "dry camping", or by electric boiler when hook-up to external electricity.


Winterized Motor home Systems

Some motor homes are designed for use in temperatures as low as minus 30 degrees Celsius. Winterized motor homes include special internal heating systems, which prevent the water in the various tanks and pipes from freezing.  Driving in area with snow may require the use of chains on the vehicles tires or special tires.  Winter driving is hazardous and requires far slower driving speeds.


The Kitchen Facilities

All motor homes have some form of cooking facilities.  These cooking facilities maybe integrated within the living area or in a separate space. All kitchens have a sink with running water, a stove with one or more burners, most of which are propane gas powered, a refrigerator with a freezer section and storage compartments. Some motor homes also have ovens, microwave ovens, dishwashers and other appliances.

Basic cooking and dining utensils are usually included with most motor home rentals; however, sometimes there is an additional charge. 


Sleeping Accommodations

All motor homes offer sleeping accommodations:  Cab over beds (usually double bed), Side folding beds, Bunk beds or Dinette converted into a single or a double bed.

Beds come in many various sizes, depending on the model and manufacture.


Living Equipment

Each rental company has its own living kits.

Some of the utilities may be included in the rental price; some are with an extra charge.

Living equipment includes: cooking and dining utensils (like cutlery, dishes, cups, glasses, pots, pans, bowls, etc.), beddings (or Bed sets, usually includes sleeping begs or blankets, pillows, sheets and pillow cases) & towels.

Extra items for rent are: picnic table and chairs, toaster, barbeque, baby/child seat, bikes, bike rack, snow chains, cellular phone, GPS, TV, generator, etc...


Please note: Extra living equipment must be ordered in advance upon reservation.

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